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儀器儀表行業整體看好
網址: 發布者:admin 發布時間: 閱讀:3547

我國這幾年的儀器儀表行業的整體在不斷的發展,日前國家統計局發布的數據顯示,1-10月,智能電表等儀器儀表制造業實現主營收入6074.7億元,同比增長15.5%;主營活動利潤435億元,同比增長6.8%.盡管今年儀器儀表業走勢相對良好,但是中國儀器儀表行業協會名譽理事長奚家成日前提醒說,絕大部分企業產銷及利潤持續保持兩位數增長的時代已經過去,行業進入了少數企業發展較快,多數企業持平或低速增長,約20%企業虧損的新時期。
In China in recent years the instrumentation industry as a whole in the unceasing development, the National Bureau of statistics released recently data display, 1-10 month, smart meters and instrument manufacturing industry to achieve the main business income of 607470000000 yuan, a year-on-year growth of 15.5%; main business profit of 43500000000 yuan, a year-on-year increase of 6.8. Despite this instrumentation industry trend of relatively good, but China Instrument Industry Association honorary chairman Xi Jia Cheng ago reminds say, most of the enterprise sales and profits continue to maintain two digit growth of the era of the past, the industry entered a rapid development of enterprises, most enterprises of flat or low growth, the new period about 20% enterprise losses.
  在歷經多年的高速發展之后,2008年起,受國際金融危機影響,我國儀器儀表行業訂單量急劇減少。而從國家統計局近日公布的前10月工業數據看,儀器儀表制造業增長率居前。奚家成表示,這意味著,儀器儀表行業已從危機中恢復過來,進入緩慢回升期。
In 2008, after years of rapid development, the impact of the international financial crisis, China's instrumentation industry orders decreased sharply. From the October industry data released recently by National Bureau of statistics, instrument manufacturing industry growth rate among the top. Xi Jiacheng said, this means, instrumentation industry recover from the crisis, entered the slow recovery period.
  今年以來,儀器儀表行業增幅高于大部分制造業,主要得益于國家推進經濟結構調整、支持科技進步、關注民生等有關政策措施的帶動。具體來看,產銷占全行業約40%的工業自動化儀表與控制系統因工業改造需求上升,其增幅高于全行業2個百分點;農林牧漁、教育、車用、醫療等儀器增幅均超過20%;電子、實驗分析等科學儀器的增幅均接近20%.
Since this year, the instrumentation industry growth is higher than most of the manufacturing sector, mainly due to the adjustment of economic structure, support the advancement of science and technology, pay attention to people's livelihood and other relevant policies and measures to promote. The specific point of view, production and sales of industrial automation instrumentation and control system in the industry about 40% of the rise in demand for industrial transformation, the rate of increase is higher than the industry 2 percentage points; agriculture, education, medical instruments, vehicle, an increase of more than 20%; electronic, experimental analysis and other scientific instruments increases are close to 20%.
  產銷增速回升的同時,行業主營活動利潤增幅卻并不高。對此,有專家分析認為,原因是多方面的。首先,人工成本上升快,管理、營業費用居高不下,導致行業的成本增幅高于產銷增幅。其次,多數企業需求不旺,規模效益下降,高新產品產業化僅在少數企業見效。此外,20個子行業中有三分之一利潤同比負增長或低增長,其中光學儀器、勘探地震儀器、氣象海洋儀器均為兩位數負增長;實驗分析、供應用儀表等增幅僅為3%至7%.
Sales growth picked up at the same time, the industry's main activity is not high profit growth. This, expert analysis, the reason is many sided. First of all, labor cost rises quickly, the management, the high business cost, lead the industry cost and higher than the production rate. Secondly, the majority of enterprises demand not flourishing, scale benefit drops, high-tech products industrialization in only a few enterprises effective. In addition, there are 1/3 profit year-on-year negative growth or low growth of 20 sub industries, including optical instruments, seismic exploration instruments, meteorological oceanographic instruments are two digit growth; experimental analysis, supply meter, an increase of only 3% to 7%.
  當前,國內儀器儀表行業面臨激烈的市場競爭,與國際先進水平之間的差距依然明顯。據了解,整個行業的短板主要表現在兩個方面。一方面,工業自動化領域的進步大多集中在流程工業用測控裝備,而適用于離散工業用的傳感器、控制器、伺服系統、管控軟件等基礎薄弱、發展緩慢,這將嚴重影響我國制造業自動化、數字化、智能化的發展。另一方面,科學儀器因為量小、技術難度大,而國外的產品技術和應用成熟度高,除個別品種外,國內的高檔產品少有突破性進展。
At present, the instrumentation industry in China face the fierce market competition, between the gap with the international advanced level is still evident. It is understood, the entire industry short board is mainly manifested in two aspects. On the one hand, the field of industrial automation progress mostly concentrated in the process of industrial control equipment, which is suitable for discrete industrial sensor, controller, servo system, control software foundation is weak, the slow development of the development, it will seriously affect our manufacturing automation, digitization, intelligent. On the other hand, scientific instrument because of the amount of small, technical difficulty, and product technology and the use of foreign high maturity, except the individual variety, the domestic high-end products are less of a breakthrough.
  與很多制造業一樣,產品質量不高,生產模式落后且效益低下是多數儀器儀表企業的通病。奚家成表示,隨著兩化融合方針的貫徹實施,上述情況開始發生變化,工業自動化和電工儀表行業的企業進步較快、成效初顯。部分企業已設立信息化的機構和專職人員,且高薪聘請國外技術專家指導,而起步早、有基礎的企業已著手結合現代生產模式推進生產過程信息化,并以此為核心建立企業信息化管理系統,實施按訂單生產、可追溯生產,以提高內涵素質,應對新一輪競爭。對于全年的走勢,業內有關專家預測,如出口無意外情況,行業全年的產銷增幅將超過年初的預測值16%,達18%左右。
As with many manufacturing, product quality is not high, the production mode is backward and low efficiency is the most common problem instrument enterprises. Xi Jiacheng said, with two of the implementation of the integration policy, the situation began to change, industrial automation and electrical instrument industry progress faster, effectiveness research. Some enterprises have set up the information organization and staff, and hired foreign experts to guide, and started early, a foundation of the enterprise are combined with modern production mode to promote production process information, and on the establishment of the enterprise information management system core, according to production orders, the traceability production, to enhance the connotation of quality, to deal with the new a round of competition. For the annual trend, industry experts predict, such as exports not abroad, industry throughout the year sales will increase more than the beginning of the predictive value of 16%, up to 18%.
 
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